Focusing On The Conservation of Ecosystems, Habitats & Wildlife

World Elephant Day 2014

Bringing The World Together To Help Elephants!

jjworldelephantday

World Elephant Day is an international annual event on August 12, dedicated to the preservation and protection of the world’s elephants. 

According to Defenders of Wildlife, habitat loss is one of the key threats facing elephants.  Many climate change projections indicate that key portions of elephants’  habitat will become significantly hotter and drier, resulting in poorer foraging conditions and threatening calf survival.  Increasing conflict with human population taking over more and more elephant habitat and poaching for ivory are additional threats that are placing the elephant’s future at risk.

Pledge to support elephants, wildlife, and their habitats here.

Connect on social media:

Unknown

worldelephdayfblike

72 Interesting Facts About Elephants

1.  African elephants are the largest land mammals on the planet.

2.  One of the largest known elephants was Jumbo, whose name is thought to be derived from the Swahili word for ‘boss’ or ‘chief.’  He is the reason we now use the word ‘jumbo’ to mean ‘huge’.

3.  Elephant brains weigh 5 kg, much more than the brain of any other land animal.

4.  Their brains have more complex folds than all animals except whales, which is thought to be a major factor in making them some of the most intelligent animals on Earth.

5.  Elephants have a more developed hippocampus, a brain region responsible for emotion and spatial awareness, than any other animal.

6.  Studies indicate that they are superior to humans in keeping track of multiple objects in 3D space.

7. Elephants commonly show grief, humor, compassion, cooperation, self-awareness, tool use, playfulness, and excellent learning abilities.

8.  An elephant in Korea surprised its zoo keepers by independently learning to mimic the commands they gave it, successfully learning 8 words and their context.

9. There are many reports of elephants showing altruism toward other species, such as rescuing trapped dogs at considerable cost to themselves.

10. No matter what the movies taught you, elephants don’t like peanuts.

11. Elephant herds are matriarchal.

12. Female elephants live in groups of about 15 animals, all related and led by the oldest in the group.  She’ll decide where and when they move and rest, day to day and season to season.

13. An elephant herd is considered one of the most closely knit societies of any animal, and a female will only leave it if she dies or is captured by humans.

14. Bull elephants court females by using rituals involving various affectionate gestures and nuzzles.

15. Female African elephants undergo the longest pregnancy — 22 months.

16. Elephants have been know to induce labor by self-medicating with certain plants.

17. Elephant calfs weighs more than 100 kg at birth.

18. Baby elephants are initially blind and some take to sucking their trunk for comfort in the same way that humans suck their thumbs.

19. Mothers will select several babysitters to care for the calf so that she has time to eat enough to produce sufficient milk for it.

20. Males will leave the herd as they become adolescent, around the age of 12, and live in temporary “bachelor herds” until they are mature enough to live alone.

21. Male elephants are normally solitary and move from herd to herd.

22. Homosexual behavior in elephants is common and well-documented.

23. Asian elephants don’t run.

24. Elephants can recognize themselves in a mirror.

25. Elephants can get sunburned, and protect themselves by throwing sand on their backs and their head.

26. To protect their found from the sun, adult elephants will douse them in sand and stan over the little ones as they sleep.

27. Elephants are very social, frequently touching and caressing one another and entwining their trunks.

28. Elephants demonstrate concern for members of their families and take care of weak or injured members of the herd.

29. Elephants grieve for their dead.

30.  Even herds that come across an unknown lone elephant who has died will show it similar respects.

31. There are reported cases of elephants burying dead humans.

32. Elephants seem to be fascinated with the tusks and bones of dead elephants, fondling and examining them.

33. The rumor that they carry bones to secret “elephant burial ground,” however is a myth.

34. An adult elephant needs to drink around 210 liters of water a day.

35. It’s true that elephants aren’t fans of tiny critters.

36. African elephants avoid eating a type of acacia tree that is home to ants because they don’t want the ants to get inside their trunks, which are full of sensitive nerve endings.

37. Elephants sleep standing up.

38. Elephants communicate within their herds or between herds many kilometers away by stamping their feet and making sounds too low for human ears to perceive.

39. Both female and male African elephants have tusks, but only male Asian elephants have tusks.

40. An elephant can use its tusks to dig for ground water.

41. They evolved large, thin ears to help regulate their body temperature and keep cool.

42. The elephant’s trunk is able to sense the size, shape, and temperature and keep cool.

43. An elephant uses its trunk to lift food and suck up water, then pour it into its mouth.

44. An elephant’s trunk can grow to be about  2 meters long and can weigh up to 140 kg.

45. Scientists believe that an elephant’s trunk is made up of 100,000 muscles.

46. Elephants can swim — they use their trunk to breathe like a snorkel in deep water.

47. Elephants are herbivores and can spend up to 16 hours a day collecting leaves, twigs, bamboo and roots.

48. The elephants closest living relative is the rock hyrax, a small furry mammal that lives in rocky landscapes across sub-Saharan Africa and along the coast of the Arabian peninsula.

49. Between 12,000 – 15,000 of the world’s elephants are living in captivity.

50.  Approximately 30% of the entire Asian elephant population is currently in captivity.

51. The largest single population of captive elephants is in India — about 3,400 elephants.

52. There are about 1,000 captive African elephants worldwide, and most of them are housed outside of Africa with approximately 40% in Europe.

53. There are around 197 elephants in European circuses (123 Asian and 74 African).

54. Bans on wild animals in circuses have been adopted in Bolivia, Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Poland, Peru, Portugal, Sweden, Singapore, Costa Rica, India, and Israel.

55. More than 30 localities in Canada and some counties in the United States have banned shows with wild animals.

56. A ban on wild animals in circuses in the U.K. will come into effect in December 2015.

57. From 1994 to 2005, at least 31 circus elephants died prematurely.

58. Since 1990, more than 60 people have been killed and more than 130 others seriously injured by captive elephants.

59. In 1903, a female Asian elephant named Topsy was killed by electrocution.  She had been smuggled into the United States while young and went through years of physical and mental abuse as a circus elephant before killing her trainer.

60. In 1962, a male Indian elephant named Tusko was injected with 297 mg of LSD by researchers from the University of Oklahoma — more than 1,000 times the dose typical of human recreational use.  He died one hour and forty minutes later.

61. Elephants have no natural predators.  However, lions will sometimes prey on young or weak elephants in the wild.

62. The main risk to elephants is from humans through poaching and changes to their habitat.

63. The street value of elephant ivory is now greater than gold, running to tens of thousands of pounds/dollars per tusk.

64. More than 20,000 African elephants were slaughtered in 2013, according to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.

65. The Kenya Wildlife Service has documented the killing of 97 elephants so far this year.

66.  According to Dr. Paula Kahumbu, who leads the Hands Off Our Elephants campaign, elephant poaching in Kenya is at least 10 times the official figure.

67. Poachers in Kenya have enjoyed lenient sentences and few have been successfully prosecuted.

68. A study by Wildlife Direct found that over the past five years just 4% of those convicted of wildlife crimes were sent to jail.

69. New legislation passed earlier this year that should lead to higher conviction rates and tougher sentences.

70. The global ivory trade was worth an estimated $1 billion over the past decade, with 80% of ivory from illegally killed elephants.

71. The total global elephant population is currently estimated at 650,000 and are very much in danger of extinction.

72. Click here to find out which Organizations are working to protect elephants.

These interesting facts were found here.

Two New Species: Mouse Lemur Lookalikes

(Credit: Photo courtesy of Peter Kappeler)

Scientists have identified two new species of mouse lemur, the saucer-eyed, teacup-sized primates native to the African island of Madagascar.

Mouse lemurs have lived in Madagascar for 7 to million years.  But since humans arrived on the island some 2,500 years ago, logging and slash and burn agriculture have taken their toll on the forests where these tree-dwelling primates live.

Only 10 percent of Madagascar’s original forests remain today, which makes lemurs the most endangered mammals in the world according to the IUCN.

For the entire story, click here.

Rare Black Lion Tamarin Monkey Born In Captivity

On March 22, 2011 one of the world’s most endangered primates was been born by Caesarean section at the headquarters of the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust.

“This birth is great news; monitoring and successfully delivering the baby has been a very tricky event to manage,” says Mark Brayshaw, head of Durrell’s animal collection.

Photo Found On BBC Nature News: Black Lion Tamarin Monkey

 

With fewer than 1,000 black lion tamarins remaining in the wild, these monkeys are critically endangered.

To Read Entire Article, Click Here or On Photo Above.

New Study, New Hope For Critically Endangered Species




New study for species considered ‘too rare to save’ such as the Siberian Tiger.  By targeting key threats, critically endangered species may now have new hope!

Siberian Tiger

Co-author of the report, Dr. Philip Stephens, School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Durham University, said: “Populations usually show rapid declines as a result of human activities such as hunting and habitat conversion. The results of the study are encouraging and show that if we can remove the negative effects of human activities, even relatively small populations could be viable in the long term.”

Dr. Greg Hayward, the U.S. Forest Service’s (USFS) regional ecologist for Alaska said: “This is good news for biologists working to save species like the tiger. There’s a lot of work to do to arrest the effects of poaching, prey loss and habitat destruction. However, if that work is successful, the tiger might yet be able to recover, despite the relatively small size of most tiger populations.”

The study, published in the journal, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, shows that population sizes required for long-term viability vary, both within and among species, and depend on the specific circumstances in which the population is found. Estimates of viable population sizes were typically reduced to hundreds rather than thousands of individuals for populations that were relatively stable.

To read entire article, click here.

Will TIGERS The “Wild Wonders Of The World” Be Extincted By 2022

At a Tiger Summit Today in St. Petersburg Russia, global wildlife experts predict that Wild Tigers could become extinct in 12 years if countries where they still roam fail to take quick action to protect their habitats and step up the fight against poaching.

The World Wildlife Fund and other experts say only about 3,200 tigers remain in the wild, a dramatic plunge from an estimated 100,000 a century ago.

Leonardo DiCaprio has been working hard all year to help save the world’s tiger population, which as you may recall are in dire straights. As the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) reported, there may be as few as 3200 tigers left in the wild. And recently it was reported that there are more tigers in (cruel) captivity in the U.S. than roaming wild in Asia. DiCaprio, however, is doing his part. First by donating a cool million dollars to the WWF’s tiger campaign and then by going through extreme travel challenges to meet with Vladimir Putin, the Russian Prime Minister, to discuss the tiger situation.

Information found on Tiny Green Bubble.  Click Here To Find Out More About This Cool Site!

Orangutan Awareness Week Nov 7-14

Reach Out and Save The Orangutans This Week

…………

Visit Orangutan Caring Week. Org & Red Apes. Org

For More Information and Ideas


CLICK HERE To

Adopt An Orangutan Today !



Orangutans Are Highly Endangered and Have Less Than 10 Years Left In The Wild Before They Are Extinct!

Number of Tigers In The Wild Still Declining

Believe it or not, the population of tigers (which is the largest of the big cats) has declined by 95 percent in the last century.  What will happen in the next decade?  Will we ever stop poaching, killing and destroying their habitats before it’s too late?

Bengal Tiger: Click on Photo to View the Tiger Population Table

IUCN, the International Union for Conservation of Nature data suggests that “the global tiger population has declined to an estimated range form 3,402 – 5,140 tigers”, revised down from estimates of 5,000 to 7,000 made a few years earlier.  The data also stated that the Bali, Caspian, and Javan tigers are already classified as extinct (in the 1940s, 1970s, and 1980s, respectively).

Sea Lions Beginning to Come Back to the Bay's Pier 39




Good News!  Looks like the Sea Lions are slowly reappearing on San Francisco’s Pier 39!


This is what Pier 39 normally looks like. Photo found on Rugerdier's photostream flickr account


Over the last couple of decades, this has been home for more than 1,700 sea lions, however a couple months ago…all but a couple of them disappeared.  Marine experts believe that the sea lions left for some tasty food on the coast of Oregon.

Deforestation Creates "Fragments" in Monkey Habitats




Research is now suggesting that monkey populations are much more sensitive to the destructive damage to their habitats than previously thought.


It also found that “the health of monkey population is closely related to the type of habitat found between forest fragments, rather than the distance that separates them.”


An Udzungwa red colobus monkey. (Credit: Andrew Marshall / University of York)


The research was conducted by Dr. Andrew Marshall, from the Environment Department at the University of York and Director of Conservation at Flamingo Land Theme Park and Zoo, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of York, the University of Copenhagen, the Tremto Musuem of Natural History (Italy) and the Udzungwa Ecological Monitoring Centre (Tanzania).


The lastest research is published in the American Journal of Primatology.

Jungle Jenny believes it is more important now to focus on protecting larger forest areas that are now under threat.  “How happy and healthy would we feel if all the trees that surrounded our habitat were hacked down?”

Brink of Extinction for Half of all Primates

According to many experts from across the world, nearly half of all primate species are in danger of becoming extinct.


Conservationists said in a news statement recently about the release of the report Primates in Peril: The World’s 25 Most Endangered Primates, 2008-2010 that “mankind’s closest living relatives–the world’s apes, monkeys, lemurs and other primates–are on the brink of extinction and in need of urgent conservation measures”.





Conservationist say this threat is mostly due to the destruction of tropical forests, illegal wildlife trade and commercial bush-meat hunting.